Most of us, when building a house or renovating an attic, have the question of what type of roof window is the right choice. Due to the wide range of market offers, it can be quite difficult to choose the right window. We have to take under consideration many factors, such as the manufacturer, the dimensions, the glass panes, the material and the accessories we want to equip our roof window with in order to enjoy and make easier their use.
There is a wide range of roof window sizes. Standard widths are 55 cm, 66 cm, 78 cm, 94 cm, 114 cm, 134 cm, while the typical heights of windows are 78 cm, 98 cm, 118 cm, 140 cm and 160 cm. Standard sizes of roof windows are therefore combinations of those two. The most popular sizes of roof windows are 78 × 140 cm and 78 × 118 cm. With such a width of the window, it is not necessary to removet window battens or adjust rafters.
It should be remembered that the dimension e.g. 78x140 cm is the total outer dimension of the window frame, not the dimension of the window itself, therefore the frame visible from the room is smaller then whole window. The glass surface is even smaller.
It is not an easy task. Correct lighting is determined by the ratio between the glass surface and the floor surface. The rule is that 1 m2 of glass surface reflects 8 m2 of floor space.
An example of calculating the number of windows needed to illuminate a room of 20 m²:
?= 20 (20 x 1): 8 = 2,5
This means that in order to illuminate a 20 m2 room, you must use windows with a glass surface of 2.5 m2.
Such a surface can be obtained with the use of:
If you want to increase the amount of light that enters the room, it is worth to install several windows next to each other or above each other or several small windows in different parts of the roof. This provides better lighting than the installation of a one large window. Modular skylights looks really great on the roof, but it should be remembered, however, that the number and size of roof windows can not be exaggerated. Roof windows emit more heat than the walls. Glass absorbs a heat and gives it further to the room. Therefore in the summer it can be realy hot in the attic. Of course there are products, which prevent from summer heat - awning blinds. This exterior product can reduce temperature in the room even up to few degrees. More about it in a separate post.
Most roof windows are installed on roof battens. They are mounted with brackets placed at the top and the bottom of the window frame. There is a possibility of installing the window on the rafters - also thanks to mounting brackets, placed on the sides of the window.
First there should be window opening made in the roof.
The width of the roof window always should be chosen that way, that it is not necessary to adjust the rafters - if possible of course.
A window opening should be a little wider, up to 5 cm, than the roof window themselve e.g. distance between the rafters, for skylights 78 cm, is 83 cm.
The length of the skylight depends on the roof pitch. Usually the lower edge of the window should be mounted at a height of about 100-120 cm above the floor surface and the upper edge of the window - 180-200 cm. A window installed in this way ensures fantastic view, both when looking standing and sitting. To meet the requirements for comfortable maneuvering and a good view, the ground rule is: the smaller the roof pitch, the longer the skylight.
If there's an open hole in the roof and the roof window does not fit exactly between the rafters or battens, then exchange or adjustment should be done.
If the skylight is wider, it is necessary to cut out a part of one rafter. Two adjacent rafters should not be cut out at the same time, because this would weaken the roof structure too much. After cutting out the rafter, below and above the skylight, spare beam should be installed to maintain stability. They transfer the loads from the cut rafter to the adjacent rafter and thus reduce a burden of the weaker part of the roof.
If you are thinking about how high you should install a skylight to ensure the comfort while using, imagine a window 78 × 160 with a handle at the top that is installed at 1.30 m. The handle will probably be out of reach for everyone. It is assumed that roof windows with a handle at the bottom are supposed to be installed at a height of 130-150 cm, and those with a handle at the top - at a hight of 80-130 cm. The roof window should be mounted at a height that allows a standing person to look straight ahead, not just upwards.
When choosing windows, also check the height of a knee wall and the roof pitch. The higher the knee wall, the higher the bottom edge of the skylight. In such a case, it is worth to install a vertical window / facade window that can be mounted directly under the skylight. It is optimal to place the roof window so that the lower edge is at a height of about 120 cm above the floor. The handle, which is located at the bottom of the frame, is within reach and the skylight perfectly fulfills its main functions. Such a montage also allows you to comfortably place furniture under the roof window and you do not have to bend down when standing at the window.
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